shred

Napsal Linux.bloger.cz (») 20. 3. 2007 v kategorii man linux, přečteno: 599×
SHRED(1) User Commands SHRED(1)






NAME

shred - delete a file securely, first overwriting it to hide its con-
tents


SYNOPSIS
shred [OPTIONS] FILE [...]


DESCRIPTION

Overwrite the specified FILE(s) repeatedly, in order to make it harder
for even very expensive hardware probing to recover the data.


Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options
too.


-f, --force
change permissions to allow writing if necessary


-n, --iterations=N
Overwrite N times instead of the default (25)


-s, --size=N
shred this many bytes (suffixes like K, M, G accepted)


-u, --remove
truncate and remove file after overwriting


-v, --verbose
show progress


-x, --exact
do not round file sizes up to the next full block;


this is the default for non-regular files


-z, --zero
add a final overwrite with zeros to hide shredding


- shred standard output


--help display this help and exit


--version
output version information and exit


Delete FILE(s) if --remove (-u) is specified. The default is not to
remove the files because it is common to operate on device files like
/dev/hda, and those files usually should not be removed. When operat-
ing on regular files, most people use the --remove option.


CAUTION: Note that shred relies on a very important assumption: that
the filesystem overwrites data in place. This is the traditional way
to do things, but many modern filesystem designs do not satisfy this
assumption. The following are examples of filesystems on which shred
is not effective:


* log-structured or journaled filesystems, such as those supplied with


AIX and Solaris (and JFS, ReiserFS, XFS, Ext3, etc.)


* filesystems that write redundant data and carry on even if some
writes


fail, such as RAID-based filesystems


* filesystems that make snapshots, such as Network Appliance"s NFS
server


* filesystems that cache in temporary locations, such as NFS


version 3 clients


* compressed filesystems


In addition, file system backups and remote mirrors may contain copies
of the file that cannot be removed, and that will allow a shredded file
to be recovered later.


AUTHOR

Written by Colin Plumb.


REPORTING BUGS
Report bugs to .


COPYRIGHT

Copyright ? 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is
NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.



SEE ALSO

The full documentation for shred is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and shred programs are properly installed at your site, the
command


info coreutils shred


should give you access to the complete manual.






shred (coreutils) 5.2.1 July 2004 SHRED(1)
Hodnocení:     nejlepší   1 2 3 4 5   odpad

Komentáře

Zobrazit: standardní | od aktivních | poslední příspěvky | všechno
Článek ještě nebyl okomentován.


Nový komentář

Téma:
Jméno:
Notif. e-mail *:
Komentář:
[*1*] [*2*] [*3*] [*4*] [*5*] [*6*] [*7*] [*8*] [*9*] [*10*] [*11*] [*12*] [*13*] [*14*] [*15*] [*16*] [*17*] [*18*] [*19*] [*20*] [*21*] [*22*] [*23*] [*24*] [*25*] [*26*] [*27*] [*28*] [*29*] [*30*] [*31*] [*32*] [*33*] [*34*] [*35*] [*36*] [*37*] [*38*] [*39*] [*40*] [*41*] [*42*] [*43*] [*44*] [*45*] [*46*] [*47*] [*48*] [*49*] [*50*]   [b] [obr]
Odpovězte prosím číslicemi: Součet čísel tři a pět